100 Common IT terminology for beginners

Information Technology is now a vital part of our life and we can’t really live without it. Its now a part of our life which is embedded in our environment.

We use mobiles, TVs, and other gadgets, use Internet, but we are not aware of what they are. At XRayontech, we bring you the 100 most common IT terminology for beginners.

Most Used IT terminology for beginners

ACID— Atomicity Consistency Isolation Durability

ADSL— Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (variant of DSL)

ARPA— Advanced Research Projects Agency (see also DARPA)

ARPANET— Advanced Research Projects Agency Network

ASCII— American Standard Code for Information Interchange

B2B— Business-to–Business

B2C— Business-to–Consumer

BASIC— Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BIOS— Basic Input Output

CAD— Computer-Aided Design

CAPTCHA— Completely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Humans Apart

COBOL— Common Business-Oriented Language

DARPA— Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DB— Database

DBA— Database Administrator

DBMS— Database Management System

DCL— Data Control Language

DDL— Data Definition Language


DL— Download

DLL— Dynamic Link Library

DML— Data Manipulation Language

DNS— Domain Name System

DSL— Digital Subscriber Line

DTP— Desktop Publishing

EMail — Electronic Mail

EXE— EXEcutable

FTP— File Transfer Protocol

GIF— Graphics Interchange Format

GIMP— GNU Image Manipulation Program

GIS— Geographic Information System

GPRS— General Packet Radio Service

GUI— Graphical User Interface

HTML— Hypertext Markup Language

HTTP— Hypertext Transfer Protocol

HTTPS— Hypertext Transport Protocol Secured

ICANN— Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

ICT— Information and Communication Technology

IDE— Integrated Development Environment

IE— Internet Explorer

IEEE— Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IIS— Internet Information Services

IMAP— Internet Message Access Protocol

I/O— Input/Output

IPR— Intellectual Property Rights

IP— Internet Protocol

IPsec— Internet Protocol security

IRC— Internet Relay Chat

IS— Information Systems

ISDN— Integrated Services Digital Network

ISO— International Organization for Standardization

ISP— Internet Service Provider

KB— Knowledge Base

MAC— Media Access Control

MDI— Multiple Document Interface

MIS— Management Information Systems

MX— Mail exchange

OLAP— Online Analytical Processing

OLTP— Online Transaction Processing

OO— Object-Oriented

OOP— Object-Oriented Programming

OS— Operating System

OSI— Open Systems Interconnection

OSPF— Open Shortest Path First

P2P— Peer-To–Peer

PARC— Palo Alto Research Center

POP3— Post Office Protocol v3

POST— Power-On Self Test

PPP— Point-to-Point Protocol

RDBMS— Relational Database Management System

RFID— Radio Frequency Identification

RGB— Red, Green, Blue

RIP— Routing Information Protocol

SDI— Single Document Interface

SFTP— Secure FTP

SMTP— Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SQL— Structured Query Language

SSL— Secure Socket Layer

TCP— Transmission Control Protocol

TCP/IP— Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TLD— Top-Level Domain

URI— Uniform Resource Identifier

URL— Uniform Resource Locator

URN— Uniform Resource Name

VB— Visual Basic

VLAN— Virtual Local Area Network

VoIP— Voice over IP

VPN— Virtual Private Network

VSAT— Very Small Aperture Terminal

WAIS— Wide Area Information Server

WAN— Wide Area Network

WAP— Wireless Access Point

WAP— Wireless Application Protocol

WiMAX— Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

WLAN— Wireless Local Area Network

WWW— World Wide Web

WYSIWYG— What You See Is What You Get

XAML— eXtensible Application Markup Language

XHTML— eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language

XML— eXtensible Markup Language


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